Date of imagery: 04 Nov 2017

Heritage Place

Resource Summary

Resource ID
EAMENA-0116644
Names
MEGA-Jordan 58463 ( Designation )
JADIS 1997.001 ( Designation )
Raqmu ( Toponym )
البتراء ( Toponym )
DAAHL 353003287 ( Alternative Reference )
World Heritage List 326 ( Designation )
Petra ( Toponym )
E35N30-14_000080 ( Designation )
Wadi Musa-Beidha 82 ( Designation )
Overall Archaeological Certainty
No archaeological certainty recorded
Definite
Cultural periods
No cultural period recorded
Iron Age (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Classical/Pre-Islamic (Levant/Mesopotamia/Iran/Northern Arabia) ( Period ) Roman Imperial (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Iron Age (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Iron Age 1 (Southern Levant) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Classical/Pre-Islamic (Levant/Mesopotamia/Iran/Northern Arabia) ( Period ) Nabataean (Levant/Northern Arabia) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Classical/Pre-Islamic (Levant/Mesopotamia/Iran/Northern Arabia) ( Period ) Byzantine (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Bronze Age (Levant) ( Period ) Middle Bronze Age (Levant) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Classical/Pre-Islamic (Levant/Mesopotamia/Iran/Northern Arabia) ( Period ) Roman Imperial, Early (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Classical/Pre-Islamic (Levant/Mesopotamia/Iran/Northern Arabia) ( Period ) Roman Imperial, Late (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Classical/Pre-Islamic (Levant/Mesopotamia/Iran/Northern Arabia) ( Period ) Post-Achaemenid/Hellenistic/Seleucid (Levant/Mesopotamia/Iran) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Contemporary Islamic (MENA) ( Period ) Contemporary Islamic, Early 20th century (MENA) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Iron Age (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Iron Age 2 (Southern Levant) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Bronze Age (Levant) ( Period ) Early Bronze Age (Southern Levant) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )

Archaeological Assessment

Feature forms within the Heritage Place
No feature forms recorded
Bank/Wall ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Pit/Shaft/Tunnel ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Platform/Terrace ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Ditch/Trench ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Cave ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Wall ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Wall ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Modified Rock Surface ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Feature intepretations within Heritage Place
No feature interpretations recorded
Barrage/Dam ( Type ) Unknown ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

House/Dwelling ( Type ) 2 to 5 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Amphitheatre ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Church/Chapel ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Cistern ( Type ) Unknown ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Temple/Sanctuary/Shrine ( Type ) 2 to 5 ( Number ) High ( Certainty )

Channel ( Type ) Unknown ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Bath-house ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Colonnaded Street ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Theatre/Odeon ( Type ) 2 to 5 ( Number ) High ( Certainty )

Reservoir/Birka ( Type ) Unknown ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Gateway/Arch/Intersection ( Type ) 2 to 5 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Altar ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) High ( Certainty )

Boundary/Barrier ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Settlement/Habitation Site ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Significant Building ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) High ( Certainty )


Condition

Overall condition of resource
No overall condition recorded
Fair
Overall disturbance extent
No overall disturbance extent recorded
61-90%
Types of disturbances affecting the resource
No disturbance assessment recorded
Category: Looting/Illegal Activities - Cause: Unknown - Cause certainty: Not Applicable - From: 2009-01-01 - To: 2009-12-12

Category: Looting/Illegal Activities - Cause: Unknown - Cause certainty: Not Applicable - From: 1985-01-01 - To: 1985-12-12

Category: Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Road/Track - Cause certainty: High - From: 2006-01-08 - To: 2016-06-08

Category: Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Road/Track - Cause certainty: High - Before: 2006-01-08

Category: Natural - Cause: Land/Rock Slide - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 2009-05-01 - To: 2009-05-31

Category: Natural - Cause: Water Action - Cause certainty: High - From: 2004-12-31 - To: 2016-06-08

Category: Natural - Cause: Water Action - Cause certainty: High - Before: 2004-12-31

Category: Status/Display/Monumental - Cause: Graffiti - Cause certainty: Definite - Before: 2011-12-12

Category: Status/Display/Monumental - Cause: Graffiti - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 1985-01-01 - To: 1985-12-12

Category: Archaeological - Cause: Conservation - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 1990-01-01 - To: 1999-12-12

Category: Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 1974-01-01 - To: 2015-12-12

Category: Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 1961-01-01 - To: 1962-12-12

Category: Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 1934-01-01 - To: 1934-12-12

Category: Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 1929-01-01 - To: 1929-12-12

Category: Natural - Cause: Flooding - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 1996-01-01 - To: 1996-12-12

Category: Natural - Cause: Temperature/Humidity Change - Cause certainty: High - Before: 1994-04-01

Category: Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Maintenance/Management Activities - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 2010-01-01 - To: 2011-12-12

Category: Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 1955-01-01 - To: 1955-12-12

Category: Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Construction - Cause certainty: High - From: 2004-12-31 - To: 2013-05-24

Category: Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Construction - Cause certainty: High - Before: 2004-12-31

Category: Domestic Use - Cause: Occupation/Continued Use - Cause certainty: Definite - Before: 1985-12-12

Category: Domestic Use - Cause: Occupation/Continued Use - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 1985-01-01 - To: 2013-12-12

Category: Status/Display/Monumental - Cause: Graffiti - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 2005-01-01 - To: 2005-12-12

Category: Unknown - Cause: Dumping - Cause certainty: Definite - Before: 2012-07-01

Category: Unknown - Cause: Dumping - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 2004-01-01 - To: 2004-12-12

Category: Natural - Cause: Land/Rock Slide - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 2010-03-01 - To: 2010-03-31

Category: Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Grazing/Animal Movement - Cause certainty: Definite - Before: 2010-01-01

Category: Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Grazing/Animal Movement - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 2010-01-01 - To: 2012-12-12

Threat(s) to the resource
No threat assessment recorded
Threat category: Natural
Potential cause: Water Action
Cause probability: Possible

Threat category: Tourism/Visitor Activities
Potential cause: Maintenance/Management Activities
Cause probability: Planned

Threat category: Archaeological
Potential cause: Maintenance/Management Activities
Cause probability: Planned

Threat category: Archaeological
Potential cause: Excavation (Hand)
Cause probability: Probable

Threat category: Archaeological
Potential cause: Conservation
Cause probability: Possible

Threat category: Tourism/Visitor Activities
Potential cause: Construction
Cause probability: Possible

Threat category: Tourism/Visitor Activities
Potential cause: Road/Track
Cause probability: Probable

Threat category: Natural
Potential cause: Flooding
Cause probability: Possible

Threat category: Tourism/Visitor Activities
Potential cause: Grazing/Animal Movement
Cause probability: Probable

Threat category: Natural
Potential cause: Land/Rock Slide
Cause probability: Possible

Threat category: Natural
Potential cause: Temperature/Humidity Change
Cause probability: Probable


Designations

Designation and Protection Status

Type: MEGA-Jordan From: 2011-05-11
Type: JADIS From: 1994-09-30
Type: UNESCO World Heritage List From: 1985-01-01

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