Date of imagery: 31 Dec 2009 04 Feb 2016

Heritage Place

Resource Summary

Resource ID
EAMENA-0116921
Names
جبيل‎‎ ( Toponym )
World Heritage List 295 ( Designation )
Jubayl ( Toponym )
Jbail ( Toponym )
Giblet ( Toponym )
Gebal ( Toponym )
Gebla ( Toponym )
Goubala ( Toponym )
Byblos ( Toponym )
Overall Archaeological Certainty
No archaeological certainty recorded
Definite
Cultural periods
No cultural period recorded
Bronze Age (Levant) ( Period ) Late Bronze Age 2 (Levant) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Bronze Age (Levant) ( Period ) Late Bronze Age 1 (Levant) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Classical/Pre-Islamic (Levant/Mesopotamia/Iran/Northern Arabia) ( Period ) Post-Achaemenid/Hellenistic/Seleucid (Levant/Mesopotamia/Iran) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Bronze Age (Levant) ( Period ) Middle Bronze Age 2 (Levant) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Iron Age (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Iron Age, Post-Assyrian/Achaemenid/Persian (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Bronze Age (Levant) ( Period ) Early Bronze Age 4 (Southern Levant) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Contemporary Islamic (MENA) ( Period ) Contemporary Islamic, Early 20th century (MENA) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Chalcolithic (Levant) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Iron Age (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Islamic (Levant/Arabia) ( Period ) Islamic, Early (Umayyad/Abbasid/Fatimid) (Levant/Arabia) ( Period Detail ) Possible ( Certainty )
Islamic (Levant/Arabia) ( Period ) Islamic, Late (Mamluk/Rasulid) (Levant/Arabia) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Bronze Age (Levant) ( Period ) Early Bronze Age 1 (Southern Levant) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Classical/Pre-Islamic (Levant/Mesopotamia/Iran/Northern Arabia) ( Period ) Roman Imperial (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Bronze Age (Levant) ( Period ) Early Bronze Age 2 (Southern Levant) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Islamic (Levant/Arabia) ( Period ) Islamic, Late (Ottoman) (Levant/Arabia) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Classical/Pre-Islamic (Levant/Mesopotamia/Iran/Northern Arabia) ( Period ) Byzantine (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Neolithic (Levant/Mesopotamia) ( Period ) Definite ( Certainty )
Islamic (Levant/Arabia) ( Period ) Islamic, Middle (Fatimid/Ayyubid/Crusader) (Levant/Arabia) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Bronze Age (Levant) ( Period ) Middle Bronze Age 1 (Levant) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )
Bronze Age (Levant) ( Period ) Early Bronze Age 3 (Southern Levant) ( Period Detail ) Definite ( Certainty )

Archaeological Assessment

Feature forms within the Heritage Place
No feature forms recorded
Pit/Shaft/Tunnel ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Cave ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Rubble Spread/Architectural Fragments ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty )

Structure ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty )

Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Object ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Wall ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty )

Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Structure ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Structure ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty )

Scatter ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Paved/Laid Surface ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Upright Stone ( Form Type ) High ( Certainty )

Object ( Form Type ) Definite ( Certainty )

Feature intepretations within Heritage Place
No feature interpretations recorded
Fort/Fortress/Castle ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Fountain ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Gathering Area ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Colonnaded Street ( Type ) 2 to 5 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Gateway/Arch/Intersection ( Type ) 2 to 5 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Ramparts/Fortification/Defensive Earthwork ( Type ) 2 to 5 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Flooring/Mosaic/Paving ( Type ) Unknown ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Settlement/Habitation Site ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Sarcophagus/Coffin ( Type ) 2 to 5 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Church/Chapel ( Type ) 2 to 5 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Column/Obelisk ( Type ) Unknown ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Port/Harbour ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Well ( Type ) 2 to 5 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Market/Commercial Unit ( Type ) 2 to 5 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

House/Dwelling ( Type ) Unknown ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Mine/Quarry/Extraction ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Theatre/Odeon ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Basilica (Roman) ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) High ( Certainty )

Standing Stone ( Type ) 11 to 20 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Cistern ( Type ) 2 to 5 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Sculpture/Statue ( Type ) Unknown ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Temple/Sanctuary/Shrine ( Type ) 6 to 10 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Tomb/Grave/Burial ( Type ) 500+ ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Building/Enclosure ( Type ) Unknown ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )

Mosque/Madrasa Complex ( Type ) 1 ( Number ) Definite ( Certainty )


Condition

Overall condition of resource
No overall condition recorded
Fair
Overall disturbance extent
No overall disturbance extent recorded
91-100%
Types of disturbances affecting the resource
No disturbance assessment recorded
Category: Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Occupation/Continued Use - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 1921-01-01 - To: 2016-01-17

Category: Tourism/Visitor Activities - Cause: Occupation/Continued Use - Cause certainty: Definite - Before: 1921-01-01

Category: Domestic Use - Cause: Construction - Cause certainty: Definite - Before: 1860-01-01

Category: Domestic Use - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - Cause certainty: Definite - Before: 1860-01-01

Category: Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 1860-01-01 - To: 1864-01-01

Category: Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 1921-01-01 - To: 1924-01-01

Category: Looting/Illegal Activities - Cause: Excavation (Hand) - Cause certainty: Definite - Before: 1921-01-01

Category: Natural - Cause: Land/Rock Slide - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 1922-01-01 - To: 1922-12-31

Category: Archaeological - Cause: Excavation (Unclassified) - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 1925-01-01 - To: 1963-12-31

Category: Domestic Use - Cause: Occupation/Continued Use - Cause certainty: Definite - Before: 1860-01-01

Category: Domestic Use - Cause: Occupation/Continued Use - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 1860-01-01 - To: 2016-01-17

Category: Industrial/Productive - Cause: Explosion/Heavy Weaponry - Cause certainty: Definite - From: 2006-07-14 - To: 2006-07-15

Threat(s) to the resource
No threat assessment recorded
Threat category: Natural
Potential cause: Water Action
Cause probability: Probable

Threat category: Domestic Use
Potential cause: Occupation/Continued Use
Cause probability: Probable

Threat category: Building and Development
Potential cause: Construction
Cause probability: Probable

Threat category: Natural
Potential cause: Vegetation/Crops/Trees
Cause probability: Probable

Threat category: Tourism/Visitor Activities
Potential cause: Road/Track
Cause probability: Probable


Designations

Designation and Protection Status

Type: UNESCO World Heritage List From: 1984-01-01

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